Gum Disease

Hyun S. Bang, DDS

General Dentistry located in Pacific Heights, San Francisco, CA & San Fransico, CA

Shockingly, nearly half of American adults have some form of gum disease. Hyun S. Bang, DDS, and the team at her dental clinic offer expert treatment for mild to severe gum disease and tips for prevention that you can use at home. To learn more about gum disease and find out if you’re at risk, call the San Francisco office or book your appointment online today.

Gum Disease Q & A

What is gum disease?

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is a form of infection that affects your gums and other tissues that support your teeth. There are two main forms of the condition:


Gingivitis is the milder variety of gum disease. If you have gingivitis, your condition is relatively easy to reverse with treatment from your provider and a little TLC at home. Gums with gingivitis are red, inflamed, and bleed easily.


Periodontitis is the severe, late-stage type of gum disease. If you have it, your gums bleed easily and may begin to recede, making your teeth look long. Your teeth might even become loose and fall out if you don’t get treatment.

How did I get gum disease?

The underlying cause of all gum disease is bacteria that build up between your gums and teeth. Most bacteria in your mouth are harmless, but too much bacteria in an unclean mouth packs together and hardens into a substance called plaque.

This build-up encourages harmful bacteria to grow and infect the tissues around your teeth. There are many risk factors for this bacterial build-up, including:

  • Poor hygiene in your mouth
  • Genetic factors
  • Smoking
  • Chewing tobacco
  • Diabetes
  • Certain medications
  • Crooked teeth that are difficult to clean thoroughly

To prevent gum disease, you should brush your teeth regularly and clean between them with dental floss. You should also get regular cleanings and exams from the team at Hyun S. Bang, DDS.

What are my treatment options for gum disease?

When it comes to treating your gum disease, quicker is better. As soon as you notice signs, you should seek a diagnosis and treatment immediately to preserve your gums and teeth.

If it’s still in the early stages, a professional deep cleaning may do the trick. With periodontitis, you need other treatments like:


Scaling is a dental process where your provider uses a tool to remove the plaque from the pockets between your gums and teeth.

Root planing

Root planing is a process that usually comes after scaling. Your dentist smooths the surfaces of the roots of your teeth. The smooth roots make it easier for your gums to heal and reattach themselves to your teeth.


Your gums might need help from medications to heal and recover from the infection. Your dentist might give you pills or a medicated rinse to ease the inflammation and control any discomfort.

Gum disease is uncomfortable and gets worse over time. For effective treatment and prevention tips, call Hyun S. Bang, DDS, or book your appointment online today.